The Universal Declaration of human rights

Adopted resolution 217 (A) ((III)) The UN General Assembly from 10 December 1948 year

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Всеобщая декларация прав человека

The preamble to the

Taking into account the, that the recognition of the dignity of, inherent dignity of all members of the human family, and of the equal and inalienable rights is the Foundation of freedom, Justice and peace in the world; and

taking into account the, that disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts, which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and that the establishment of such a peace, in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want, proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people; and

taking into account the, what you need to, human rights should be protected by the rule of law in order to ensure that, If man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression; and

taking into account the, the need to promote the development of friendly relations between Nations; and

taking into account the, that the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,; and

taking into account the, that Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms; and

taking into account the, a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of great importance to the full implementation of this commitment,

The General Assembly,

proclaims present the Universal Declaration of human rights as objectives, a common standard of achievement for all peoples and States in order, to every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and to ensure, by progressive measures, national and international, universal and effective recognition and implementation of them as among the peoples of the States members of the Organization, and among the peoples of the territories, under their jurisdiction.

Article 1

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms, set forth in this Declaration, without distinction, as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,.

In addition, no distinction shall be made on the basis of political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory, to which a person belongs, regardless of, be independent, Trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6

Everyone, wherever you are, has the right to recognition as a person before the law.

Article 7

All persons are equal before the law and are entitled, without distinction, to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination, in violation of this Declaration, and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights, granted him by the Constitution or the law.

Article 9

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10

Everyone, for the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him, has the right, on the basis of full equality, on the, to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal.

Article 11

1. Everyone, accused of committing a crime, has the right to be presumed innocent until, until proved guilty according to law in a public trial, at which he has had all the guarantees necessary to protect.

2. No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission, who, at the time they were committed, did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed, than the, that might be applicable at the time, When the crime was committed.

Article 12

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home, arbitrary home, correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each State.

2. Everyone has the right to leave any country, including its own, and to return to one's country.

Article 14

1. Everyone has the right to seek asylum from persecution and to enjoy in other countries.

2. This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions, genuinely arising from non-political crimes, or acts, contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15

1. Everyone has the right to a nationality.

2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16

1. Men and women, the age of majority, have the right, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion to marry and to found a family. They enjoy equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.

2. Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.

3. The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17

1. Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in, and in conjunction with other.

2. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; This right includes freedom to change his religion or belief and freedom to manifest one's religion or belief, either individually or in, and together with other, publicly or privately in the teachings, worship and observance.

Article 19

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; This right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20

1. Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and Association.

2. No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21

1. Everyone has the right to take part in the Government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.

2. Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.

3. The will of the people shall be the basis of authority of Government; This will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections, which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and held by secret vote or by equivalent forms, ensuring freedom of vote.

Article 22

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality rights in economic, social and cultural fields, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the Organization and resources of each State,.

Article 23

1. Every person has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.

2. Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.

3. Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration, ensuring a dignified existence for himself and his family, and supplemented, If necessary,, by other means of social protection.

4. Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including the right to reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25

1. Everyone has the right to a standard of living, including food, clothes, housing, medical care and necessary social services, adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, disease, disability, widowhood, old age or a case of loss of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.

2. Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, born in wedlock or out of wedlock, should enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26

1. Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the, as regards primary education and general education. Primary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available, and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

2. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. Education should promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all peoples, racial and religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations peace-keeping.

3. Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27

1. Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, enjoy the arts, to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.

2. Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests, as a result of scientific, literary or artistic works, of which he is the author.

Article 28

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order, in which the rights and freedoms, set forth in this Declaration, can be fully implemented.

Article 29

1. Everyone has duties to the community, in which the only and perhaps the free and full development of his personality.

2. In exercising their rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations, as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.

3. These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30

Nothing in this declaration may be interpreted, as implying for any State, the group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act, aimed at the destruction of rights and freedoms, set forth in the present Declaration.